Bardia National park

Trip Overview of Bardia National park

BARDIA NATIONAL PARK -First gazetted in 1976 and further extended in 1984.
National Park status was gazetted in 1988 ( Area 968 sq. kms)
Bardia National park is the largest national park in the lowland Terai covering on area of 968 The park situated in Nepal’s Western Terai was established to protect representative ecosystems and conserve tiger and its prey species. Initially, a small area was gazetted as the Karnali Wildlife Reserve in 1976.

1500 households of the Babai valley were resettled outside the park allowing the vegetation and wildlife to flourish. In 1982, it was renamed as Bardia Wildlife Reserve, and in 1984 it was extended to its current size. The reserve was given the status of a National Park in 1988. Greater One-horned Rhinoceros were translocated from Chitwan National Park in 1986, 1991, 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2002.

In 1997, an area of 327 km2 surrounding the park was declared as a buffer zone, which consists of forests and private lands. The park and local communities jointly manage the buffer zone. Together they initiate community development activities and manage natural resources in the buffer zones.

An elephant ride provides a different view of the park as one can go off the main trail, Morning and late afternoon is the ideal time to go on a ride. Karnali river is the suitable home for Gangetic dolphin. Babi valley is a majestic place to visit where flagship Rhino, tiger, elephant can be observed in the wilderness site.

Babai valley
The Babai valley extending from Parewa odar to Chepang (bridge) was included In the park in 1984. The pristine valley is characterized by rich biodiversity. The major vegetation and forest type are wooded grassland and the riverine forest. The translocated rhinoceros from Chitwan were reintroduced in this valley. The luxurious forests in the east of the park also provide a good habitat and corridor for several wildlife species. The Karnali river is home to the endangered Gharial crocodile and Marsh mugger. The blue waters also provide habitat for the endangered Gangetic dolphin. Large Mahasheer, a game fish, is considered an excellent catch.

The fast flowing water also provide excellent rafting expeditions that can stop in the park. Riverine forests along with the shores of the river creating prime habitat for birds such as Herons, Egrets, Black-necked, stork, and Little pratincole. The Tharu ethnic group is native to this area. Traditionally they are subsistence farmers and practice their own tribal religious. Handicrafts made by the community members could be bought as souvenirs.


The park has three distinct seasons, each providing a unique experience. Form October through early April the weather is dry. The days are warm, and the nights are cool and pleasant. From April to June the temperatures warm up, are peaking up to 450c in May. The hot sticky days give way to the monsoon rains that lasts until September.

Flora and Fauna
The park offers a variety of experiences in its vast undisturbed wilderness. About 70% of the forest consists of Sal trees with a mixture of grassland and riverine forests.Sal leaves are used in festival and religious offering. The park is home to endangered animals such as the Royal Bengal tiger, wild elephant, Greater one-horned rhinoceros, swamp deer, and black buck, The other endangered species include gharial-crocodile, marsh mugger and Gangetic dolphin. Endangered birds found in the park are Bengal florican, lesser florican and sarus crane, More that 30 different mammals, over 230 species of birds and several species of snakes, lizard and fish have been recorded In the park’s forest, grassland and river. In addition to the resident species, several migratory birds visit the park,

Museum and Tharu culture are available for visitors at HQ. The wireless radio communication facility at the park headquarters, could be used in emergency, If you are traveling by private vehicle make sure that you have ample amount of fuel. Be advised to carry a comprehensive first-aid kit including medicines for intestinal problems. There is a community health post at Thakurdwara. You can spend your nights at the lodges surrounding the pork. These lodges provide service to tourists.

How to get there
You can take a bus from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj or take the doily flight. From Nepalgunj bus service is available to the park HQ at Thakurdwara during the dry season,

Detail itinerary of Bardia National park

  • DAY 01


    Arrive Nepalgunj by flight from Kathmandu drive 3 hours to Royal Bardia National Park. Dinner and briefing in hotel. ARRIVAL BY BUS Arrive in hotel in time for breakfast. Following your briefing, relax until lunch.After lunch your local guide will show you (in an non-intrusive manner) the lifestyle of the local indigenous peoples - the Tharus. See first hand the beautifully made houses that accommodate up to 150 family members, witness the farming methods which are centuries old and experience a culture unique to this part of Nepal. After dinner meet your jungle guide who will explain in details your programme for the next day.

  • DAY 02

    Breakfast is taken very early! Morning and evening are the best times for animal spotting so set off at dawn on your first exploration of the Park. Today we take a packed lunch into the bush in order that we can cover a greater distance, see a wider variety of flora and fauna and have a greater chance of sighting big game. There is a possibility of seeing wild elephants, Bengal tigers, rhinos, blue bull, deer, monkeys and host of smaller mammals. In the dry season we can explore the riverbank, swim in the river and hopefully spot the elusive, although not shy, gangetic dolphins. At other times lunch can be taken in a watching tower overlooking grasslands, popular with birds such as the rare Sarus Crane.After dinner relax and swap jungle experiences with other guests.

  • DAY 03

    Again after an early breakfast, set off at dawn to explore tiger territory. While there is every possibility of seeing other animals, this morning we are specifically tracking that great majestic beast - the Royal Bengal Tiger! Back to the hotel for lunch. In the late afternoon enjoy a short safari by elephant - a fun and exciting way to explore the jungle! See how the elephant is trained to ensure your safety from low hanging branches! Return to the hotel for a well earned dinner.

  • DAY 04

    Set off even earlier today in order to be up with the birds. This morning spend a few hours bird watching in the Park before having a hearty breakfast. For those flying back to Kathmandu we say goodbye after breakfast. For those taking the bus there is time to relax or explore the surrounding villages on your own before lunch and departure in the early afternoo

Cost includes and excludes

Check the cost inclusion and exclucion of Bardia National park

Service Includes
  • Transportation from Kathmandu to Kathmandu by public bus.
  • Accommodation with all meals ( breakfast, lunch / dinner) during the trip.
  • All wildlife activities and entry fees.
Service Excludes
  • Domestic airfares or transportation by private vehicle.
  • Hard and soft drinks during the trip.
  • Personal exp and tips


Check the cost inclusion and exclucion of Bardia National park

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