Nepal is a kingdom of high Himalayan Mountains, artistic monuments, exotic wildlife, and diverse cultures. It is the land where Lord Buddha was born over 2,500 years ago. The kingdom of Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers, and stretches 145-241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east. The country is located between India in the South and China in the North. Nepal is primarily an agricultural country. Tourism, carpets and garments are major industries.
LOCATION / GEOGRAPHY:
Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers, and stretches 145-241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east. The country is located between India in the south and China in the north. At latitudes 26 and 30 degrees north and longitudes 80 and 88 degrees east, Nepal is topographically divided into three regions: the Himalaya to the north, the hills consisting of the Mahabharat range and the Churia Hills, and the Terai to the south. Elevations are varied in the kingdom. The highest point is Mt. Everest (8848 m) in the north and the lowest point (70 meters above sea level) is located at Kechana Kalan of Jhapa District. Altitude increases as you travel south to north To the north temperatures are below - 40 degrees Celsius and in the Terai, temperatures rise to 40 degrees Celsius in the summer. During June, July and August, the kingdom is influenced by monsoon clouds.
Nepal Facts & Figures
Have a quick look at the geographical, political, economic, demographic and national details of Nepal. The factual details are an overview to the small mountain Kingdom.
Located between two Asian giants, China and India, Nepal traditionally has been characterized as 'a yam caught between two rocks'. The country is famous for the majestic Himalayas and astonishing geographic beauty that includes pristine forests, crystal clear lakes, towering peaks and ancient valley cities.
Nepal is a landlocked country situated in South Asia, between China in North and India in South
Area 147,181 sq km.
Boundary 2,926 km.
Land Arable: 17%
Irrigated: 8,500 sq sm.
Cool summers and severe winters in north to sub-tropical summers and mild winters in south
Time GMT + 5 hours 45 minutes
The Nepalese are traditionally very patriotic people. They have great respect for their nation and the national symbols like national flag, national anthem, national flower etc.
Nepal Country Code +977
Internet Domain .np
Bird Danphe Monal Pheasant Lophophorus ImSpeyanus
Colour Crimson-red (Simrik)
National Anthem : Sayu Phool Ka Thaunga Hami.................
Total 24,546,861 (2003 Census)
Growth Rate 2.24%
Structure Male : 115,63,921
Female : 115,87,502
Male : 58.84 yrs
Female : 57.35 yrs
Hindu: 80.62%, Budhist: 10.74%, Muslim: 4.20%, Others: 4.44%
Literacy 103,48,472 (53.74%), Male 62,42,975 (68.51%), Female 41,05,470 (42.49%)
Though Nepal has witnessed great political instabilities in the recent past, the country has a strong base of Multi Party Democracy.
Govt Form: Multi Party Democracy.
Head of State - President
Head of Government: Prime Minister
Combined Legislative House of Representative 601 National Assembly members.
Judiciary Supreme Court, Appellate Court: 11, District court: 75
Administrative Division Development region: 5, Zone: 14, District: 75
Nepal is a developing country. The major industries in Nepal are tourism, handicraft, agriculture and water resources.
GDP Composition Agriculture: 40%, Industry: 22%, Services: 37%
GDP Real Growth Rate 4.9% (2000-2001)
Average Inflation Rate 2.1% (2000-2001)
Per Capita Income $ 240 (Rs 17,718) for (2000-2001), $236 (Rs 18,083) estimate for(2001-2002)
Unit of Currency Rupee
Labour Force Agriculture: 81%, Industry: 3%, Service: 11%, Other: 5%.